There are many reasons why the need to address health literacy is even more critical today than ever. There are increasing demands in society to access health information in new ways and this can create challenges for patients navigating the health care system. Increasing rates of chronic diseases in the Canadian population require individuals to manage their own care more than before. This course examines why Indigenous people have greater health literacy needs than the general population. The course also explores how mainstream health literacy approaches are not culturally relevant and how healthcare practitioners can provide health information to Indigenous patients in a way that is culturally appropriate and effective in managing chronic diseases.