No matter where First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples in Canada live, they face unique health challenges. Often higher rates of diabetes, heart disease, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and many other diseases can been seen in Indigenous people compared to non-Indigenous people.  This course examines the major lifestyle changes that have occurred over the past decades for First Nations, Inuit and Métis peoples and communities. The course also provides an overview of the behavioural risk factors that have contributed to the shift from communicable diseases to chronic diseases and the associated statistics with these risk factors.